openstack ocata部署ceilometer+gnocchi

安装Gnocchi

先决条件

1. 完成以下步骤,创建数据库

  • 使用 root 用户登录数据库

    $ mysql -u root -p
  • 创建 gnocchi 数据库

    > CREATE DATABASE gnocchi;
  • 配置 gnocchi 数据库权限(这里密码为 GNOCCHI_DBPASS,按需修改)

    > GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON gnocchi.* TO 'gnocchi'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'GNOCCHI_DBPASS';
    > GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON gnocchi.* TO 'gnocchi'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'GNOCCHI_DBPASS';
  • 退出数据库

2. 加载 admin 用户认证文件

$ . admin-openrc

3. 完成以下步骤创建服务认证

  • 创建 gnocchi 用户(用户密码为 GNOCCHI_PASS)

    $ openstack user create --domain default --password-prompt gnocchi
  • 为 gnocchi 用户增加 admin 的角色

    $ openstack role add --project service --user gnocchi admin
  • 创建 gnocchi 服务实体

    $ openstack service create --name gnocchi --description "Metric Service" metric
  1. 创建 gnocchi 服务API endpoints
    $ openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne metric public http://controller:8041
    $ openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne metric internal http://controller:8041
    $ openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne metric admin http://controller:8041

安装和配置组件

1. 安装软件包

# yum install openstack-gnocchi-api openstack-gnocchi-metricd python2-gnocchiclient -y

2. 编辑 /etc/gnocchi/gnocchi.conf 文件加入以下内容

# /etc/gnocchi/gnocchi.conf

[DEFAULT]
log_dir = /var/log/gnocchi

[api]
auth_mode = keystone

[indexer]
url = mysql+pymysql://gnocchi:GNOCCHI_DBPASS@controller/gnocchi

[storage]
driver = file
file_basepath = /var/lib/gnocchi

[keystone_authtoken]
auth_uri = http://controller:5000
auth_url = http://controller:35357
memcached_servers = controller:11211
auth_type = password
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
project_name = service
username = gnocchi
password = GNOCCHI_PASS

3. 新建 10-gnocchi_wsgi.conf 文件,加入以下内容

# vim /etc/httpd/conf.d/10-gnocchi_wsgi.conf

Listen 8041

<VirtualHost *:8041>
ServerName controller

## Vhost docroot
DocumentRoot "/var/www/cgi-bin/gnocchi"

## Directories, there should at least be a declaration for /var/www/cgi-bin/gnocchi

<Directory "/var/www/cgi-bin/gnocchi">
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
AllowOverride None
Require all granted
</Directory>

## Logging
ErrorLog "/var/log/httpd/gnocchi_wsgi_error.log"
ServerSignature Off
CustomLog "/var/log/httpd/gnocchi_wsgi_access.log" combined
SetEnvIf X-Forwarded-Proto https HTTPS=1
WSGIApplicationGroup %{GLOBAL}
WSGIDaemonProcess gnocchi display-name=gnocchi_wsgi group=gnocchi processes=8 threads=8 user=gnocchi
WSGIProcessGroup gnocchi
WSGIScriptAlias / "/var/www/cgi-bin/gnocchi/app"
</VirtualHost>

4. 复制 app.wsgi

# mkdir /var/www/cgi-bin/gnocchi/
# cp /usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/gnocchi/rest/app.wsgi /var/www/cgi-bin/gnocchi/app
# chown -R gnocchi.gnocchi /var/www/cgi-bin/gnocchi

5. 完成安装

1. 初始化数据库

# su -s /bin/bash gnocchi -c "gnocchi-upgrade"

2. 重启 httpd 以加载 gnocchi

# systemctl restart httpd
3. 启动服务并设置开机自启
# systemctl enable openstack-gnocchi-metricd 
# systemctl start openstack-gnocchi-metricd

Telemetry 服务

Aodh 服务 (ceilometer节点)

先决条件

1. 完成以下步骤,创建数据库

  • 使用 root 用户登录数据库

    $ mysql -u root -p
  • 创建 aodh 数据库

    > CREATE DATABASE aodh;
  • 配置 aodh 数据库权限(这里密码为 AODH_DBPASSWORD,按需修改)

    > GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON aodh.* TO 'aodh'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'AODH_DBPASSWORD';
    > GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON aodh.* TO 'aodh'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'AODH_DBPASSWORD';
  • 退出数据库

2. 加载 admin 用户认证文件

$ . admin-openrc

3. 完成一下步骤创建服务认证

  • 创建 aodh 用户(用户密码为 AODH_PASSWORD)

    $ openstack user create --domain default --password-prompt aodh
  • 为 aodh 用户增加 admin 的角色

    $ openstack role add --project service --user aodh admin
  • 创建 aodh 服务实体

    $ openstack service create --name aodh --description "Telemetry" alarming
  1. 创建告警服务API endpoints
    $ openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne alarming public http://controller:8042
    $ openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne alarming internal http://controller:8042
    $ openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne alarming admin http://controller:8042

安装和配置组件

1. 安装软件包

# yum install openstack-aodh-api \
openstack-aodh-evaluator openstack-aodh-notifier \
openstack-aodh-listener openstack-aodh-expirer \
python-aodhclient -y

2. 编辑 /etc/aodh/aodh.conf 文件加入以下内容

# vim /etc/aodh/aodh.conf

[DEFAULT]
transport_url = rabbit://openstack:root1234@controller
auth_strategy = keystone

[database]
connection = mysql+pymysql://aodh:AODH_DBPASSWORD@controller/aodh

[keystone_authtoken]
auth_uri = http://controller:5000
auth_url = http://controller:35357
memcached_servers = controller:11211
auth_type = password
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
project_name = service
username = aodh
password = AODH_PASSWORD

[service_credentials]
auth_type = password
auth_url = http://controller:5000/v3
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
project_name = service
username = aodh
password = AODH_PASSWORD
interface = internalURL
region_name = RegionOne

3. 新建 /etc/httpd/conf.d/10-aodh_wsgi.conf 文件,加入以下内容

# vim /etc/httpd/conf.d/10-aodh_wsgi.conf

Listen 8042

<VirtualHost *:8042>
ServerName controller

## Vhost docroot
DocumentRoot "/var/www/cgi-bin/aodh"

## Directories, there should at least be a declaration for /var/www/cgi-bin/aodh

<Directory "/var/www/cgi-bin/aodh">
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
AllowOverride None
Require all granted
</Directory>

## Logging
ErrorLog "/var/log/httpd/aodh_wsgi_error.log"
ServerSignature Off
CustomLog "/var/log/httpd/aodh_wsgi_access.log" combined
SetEnvIf X-Forwarded-Proto https HTTPS=1
WSGIApplicationGroup %{GLOBAL}
WSGIDaemonProcess aodh display-name=aodh_wsgi group=aodh processes=2 threads=2 user=aodh
WSGIProcessGroup aodh
WSGIScriptAlias / "/var/www/cgi-bin/aodh/app"
</VirtualHost>

4. 复制 app.wsgi

# mkdir /var/www/cgi-bin/aodh/
# cp /usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/aodh/api/app.wsgi /var/www/cgi-bin/aodh/app
# chown -R aodh.aodh /var/www/cgi-bin/aodh

完成安装

1. 初始化数据库(仅当使用 SQL 数据库的时候才需要初始化)

# aodh-dbsync

2. 重启 httpd 以加载 aodh

# systemctl restart httpd

3. 启动服务并设置开机自启(任一控制节点执行)

# systemctl enable openstack-aodh-evaluator.service openstack-aodh-notifier.service openstack-aodh-listener.service
# systemctl start openstack-aodh-evaluator.service openstack-aodh-notifier.service openstack-aodh-listener.service

Panko 服务 (ceilometer节点)

先决条件

1. 完成以下步骤,创建数据库

  • 使用 root 用户登录数据库

    $ mysql -u root -p
  • 创建 panko 数据库

    > CREATE DATABASE panko;
  • 配置 panko 数据库权限(数据库密码为 e0ee97b87b0be41b5ba0 )

    > GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON aodh.* TO 'panko'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'e0ee97b87b0be41b5ba0';
    > GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON aodh.* TO 'panko'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'e0ee97b87b0be41b5ba0';
  • 退出数据库

2. 加载 admin 用户认证文件

$ . admin-openrc

3. 完成一下步骤创建服务认证

  • 创建 panko 用户(用户密码为 PANKO_PASSWORD)

    $ openstack user create --domain default --password-prompt panko
  • 为 panko 用户增加 admin 的角色

    $ openstack role add --project service --user panko admin
  • 创建 panko 服务实体

    $ openstack service create --name panko --description "OpenStack Event Service" event

4. 创建Event服务API endpoints

$ openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne event public http://controller:8779
$ openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne event internal http://controller:8779
$ openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne event admin http://controller:8779

安装和配置组件

1. 安装软件包

# yum install openstack-panko-api openstack-panko-common -y

2. 编辑 /etc/panko/panko.conf 文件加入以下内容

# vim /etc/panko/panko.conf

[DEFAULT]
auth_strategy = keystone
log_file = /var/log/panko/panko.log
log_dir = /var/log/panko

[api]
host=0.0.0.0
port=8779
workers=2
max_limit=1000

[database]
connection = mysql+pymysql://panko:PANKO_DBPASSWORD@controller/panko

[keystone_authtoken]
auth_uri = http://controller:5000
auth_url = http://controller:35357
memcached_servers = controller
auth_type = password
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
project_name = service
username = panko
password = PANKO_PASSWORD

3. 新建 vim /etc/httpd/conf.d/10-panko_wsgi.conf 文件,加入以下内容

Listen 8779

<VirtualHost *:8779>
ServerName controller

## Vhost docroot
DocumentRoot "/var/www/cgi-bin/panko"

## Directories, there should at least be a declaration for /var/www/cgi-bin/panko

<Directory "/var/www/cgi-bin/panko">
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
AllowOverride None
Require all granted
</Directory>

## Logging
ErrorLog "/var/log/httpd/panko_wsgi_error.log"
ServerSignature Off
CustomLog "/var/log/httpd/panko_wsgi_access.log" combined
SetEnvIf X-Forwarded-Proto https HTTPS=1
WSGIApplicationGroup %{GLOBAL}
WSGIDaemonProcess panko display-name=panko_wsgi group=panko processes=2 threads=2 user=panko
WSGIProcessGroup panko
WSGIScriptAlias / "/var/www/cgi-bin/panko/app"
</VirtualHost>

4. 复制 app.wsgi

# mkdir /var/www/cgi-bin/panko/
# cp /usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/panko/api/app.wsgi /var/www/cgi-bin/panko/app
# chown -R panko.panko /var/www/cgi-bin/panko/

5. 初始化数据

# /usr/bin/panko-dbsync

完成安装

重启 httpd 以加载 panko

# systemctl restart httpd

Ceilometer服务

安装和配置控制节点 (ceilometer节点)

Ceilometer

先决条件
1. 加载 admin 认证文件
$ . admin-openrc
2. 创建服务认证,完成以下步骤
  • 创建ceilemeter用户(用户密码为 CEILOMETER_PASSWORD)

    $ openstack user create --domain default --password-prompt ceilometer
  • 给ceilometer用户增加admin的角色

    $ openstack role add --project service --user ceilometer admin
  • 创建ceilometer服务实体

    $ openstack service create --name ceilometer --description "Telemetry" metering
  • 创建 Telemetry 服务 API endpoint

    $ openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne metering public http://controller:8777
    $ openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne metering internal http://controller:8777
    $ openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne metering admin http://controller:8777
安装并配置组件
1. 安装软件包
# yum install openstack-ceilometer-api \
openstack-ceilometer-collector openstack-ceilometer-notification \
openstack-ceilometer-central python-ceilometerclient -y
2. 编辑 /etc/ceilometer/ceilometer.conf 文件加入以下内容
# vim /etc/ceilometer/ceilometer.conf
[DEFAULT]
transport_url = rabbit://openstack:root1234@controller
auth_strategy = keystone
meter_dispatchers=gnocchi
event_dispatchers=gnocchi

[dispatcher_gnocchi]
filter_service_activity = False
archive_policy = high
resources_definition_file=gnocchi_resources.yaml
url=http://controller:8041

[keystone_authtoken]
auth_uri = http://controller:5000
auth_url = http://controller:35357
memcached_servers = controller
auth_type = password
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
project_name = service
username = ceilometer
password = CEILOMETER_PASSWORD
service_token_roles_required = True

[service_credentials]
auth_type = password
auth_url = http://controller:5000/v3
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
project_name = service
username = ceilometer
password = CEILOMETER_PASSWORD
interface = internalURL
region_name = RegionOne
3. 新建 /etc/httpd/conf.d/10-ceilometer_wsgi.conf 文件,加入以下内容
# vim /etc/httpd/conf.d/10-ceilometer_wsgi.conf

Listen 8777

<VirtualHost *:8777>
ServerName controller

## Vhost docroot
DocumentRoot "/var/www/cgi-bin/ceilometer"

## Directories, there should at least be a declaration for /var/www/cgi-bin/ceilometer

<Directory "/var/www/cgi-bin/ceilometer">
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
AllowOverride None
Require all granted
</Directory>

## Logging
ErrorLog "/var/log/httpd/ceilometer_wsgi_error.log"
ServerSignature Off
CustomLog "/var/log/httpd/ceilometer_wsgi_access.log" combined
SetEnvIf X-Forwarded-Proto https HTTPS=1
WSGIApplicationGroup %{GLOBAL}
WSGIDaemonProcess ceilometer display-name=ceilometer_wsgi group=ceilometer processes=1 threads=2 user=ceilometer
WSGIProcessGroup ceilometer
WSGIScriptAlias / "/var/www/cgi-bin/ceilometer/app"
</VirtualHost>
4. 复制 app.wsgi
# mkdir /var/www/cgi-bin/ceilometer/
# cp /usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/ceilometer/api/app.wsgi /var/www/cgi-bin/ceilometer/app
# chown -R ceilometer.ceilometer /var/www/cgi-bin/ceilometer/
  1. 运行一下命令在gnocchi中创建ceilometer的资源
    # ceilometer-upgrade --skip-metering-database
完成安装
1. 重启 httpd 以加载 ceilometer
# systemctl restart httpd
2. 启动服务并设置开机自启
# systemctl enable openstack-ceilometer-notification.service \
openstack-ceilometer-central.service \
openstack-ceilometer-collector.service
# systemctl start openstack-ceilometer-notification.service \
openstack-ceilometer-central.service \
openstack-ceilometer-collector.service

安装和配置计算节点 (计算节点)

安装并配置组件

1. 安装软件包
# yum install openstack-ceilometer-compute python2-wsme
2. 编辑 /etc/ceilometer/ceilometer.conf 文件加入已下内容
# vim /etc/ceilometer/ceilometer.conf
[DEFAULT]
transport_url = rabbit://openstack:root1234@controller
auth_strategy = keystone

[keystone_authtoken]
auth_uri = http://controller:5000
auth_url = http://controller:35357
memcached_servers = controller01:11211,controller02:11211,controller03:11211
auth_type = password
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
project_name = service
username = ceilometer
password = CEILOMETER_PASSWORD

[service_credentials]
auth_url = http://controller:5000
project_domain_id = default
user_domain_id = default
auth_type = password
username = ceilometer
project_name = service
password = CEILOMETER_PASSWORD
interface = internalURL
region_name = RegionOne

配置计算节点使用Telemetry

编辑 /etc/nova/nova.conf 加入以下内容

# vim /etc/nova/nova.conf
[DEFAULT]
instance_usage_audit = True
instance_usage_audit_period = hour
notify_on_state_change = vm_and_task_state

[oslo_messaging_notifications]
driver = messagingv2

完成安装

1. 启动agent并设置开机自启
# systemctl enable openstack-ceilometer-compute.service
# systemctl start openstack-ceilometer-compute.service
2. 重启计算服务
# systemctl restart openstack-nova-compute.service

配置 opesntack 服务以支持ceilometer (控制节点)

Cinder

1. 配置cinder使用telemetry

编辑/etc/cinder/cinder.conf文件加入以下内容

[oslo_messaging_notifications]
driver = messagingv2

2. 通过定时任务获取阶段性的通知,例如没5分钟执行一次

# crontab -e

*/5 * * * * /usr/bin/cinder-volume-usage-audit --send_actions

3. 重启服务

# systemctl restart openstack-cinder-api.service openstack-cinder-scheduler.service openstack-cinder-volume.service

Glance

1. 配置镜像服务使用telemetry

编辑/etc/glance/glance-api.conf 和 /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf

[DEFAULT]
transport_url = rabbit://openstack:root1234@controller

[oslo_messaging_notifications]
driver = messagingv2

2. 重启服务

# systemctl restart openstack-glance-api.service openstack-glance-registry.service

Neutron

1. 配置网络服务使用telemetry

编辑 /etc/neutron/neutron.conf 文件加入以下内容

[oslo_messaging_notifications]
driver = messagingv2

2. 重启服务

# systemctl restart neutron-server.service
-------------本文结束感谢阅读-------------
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