获取豆瓣电影TOP 250并存入文件

# encoding=utf-8

import requests
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
import csv
import codecs

DOWNLOAD_URL = 'http://movie.douban.com/top250'


def download_page(url):
    headers = {'User-Agent': 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:57.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/57.0'}
    data = requests.get(url, headers=headers).content
    return data


def parse_html(html):
    #更换解析器,详情 https://www.crummy.com/software/BeautifulSoup/bs4/doc/index.zh.html#id9
    soup = BeautifulSoup(html, "lxml")
    movies_list_soup = soup.find('ol', attrs={'class': 'grid_view'})
    movie_name_list = []
    movie_rating_num_list = []
    movie_quote_list = []

    for movies_li in movies_list_soup.find_all('li'):
        movie_name = movies_li.find('div', attrs={'class': 'hd'}).find('span', attrs={'class': 'title'}).getText()
        movie_rating = movies_li.find('div', attrs={'class': 'bd'}).find('span', attrs={'class': 'rating_num',
                                                                                        'property': 'v:average'}).getText()
        #movie_quote = movies_li.find('div', attrs={'class': 'bd'}).find('span', attrs={'class': 'inq'}).getText()
        movie_quote_obj = movies_li.find('div', attrs={'class': 'bd'}).find('span', attrs={'class': 'inq'})
        ### 发现某部电影评价为空,此处判断评价是否为空
        if movie_quote_obj is None:
            movie_quote = ''
        else:
            movie_quote = movie_quote_obj.getText()

        movie_name_list.append(movie_name)
        movie_rating_num_list.append(movie_rating)
        movie_quote_list.append(movie_quote)

    next_page = soup.find('span', attrs={'class': 'next'}).find('a')
    if next_page:
        return movie_name_list, movie_rating_num_list, movie_quote_list, DOWNLOAD_URL + next_page['href']

    return movie_name_list, movie_rating_num_list, movie_quote_list, None


def main():
    url = DOWNLOAD_URL
    #utf_8_sig 解决windows下csv文件乱码问题
    with codecs.open('movies_top_250.csv', 'wb', encoding='utf_8_sig') as csvFile:
        writer = csv.writer(csvFile)
        writer.writerow((u'电影名', u'评分', u'理由'))
        while url:
            html = download_page(url)
            movies, rating, quote, url = parse_html(html)
            for i in range(len(movies)):
                writer.writerow((movies[i], rating[i], quote[i]))
                
if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()
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