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centos7 devstack 安装openstack liberty

本机环境

操作系统:CentOS Linux release 7.2.1511 (Core)
本机IP:172.16.33.201
网关:172.16.33.254

下载devstack和前期准备

这里和别人的文章有点出入,git clone devstack的时候需要指定分支,不然安装openstack的时候会提示一个脚本不存在

# cd /opt
# git clone https://git.openstack.org/openstack-dev/devstack -b stable/liberty

新建stack用户,修改devstack文件夹所有者

# cd /opt/devstack/tools/
# ./create-stack-user.sh
# chown -R stack:stack /opt/devstack

新建local.conf文件,示例如下,按需更改

# vim /opt/devstack/local.conf

[[local|localrc]]
# Define images to be automatically downloaded during the DevStack built process.
IMAGE_URLS="http://download.cirros-cloud.net/0.3.4/cirros-0.3.4-x86_64-disk.img"
# Credentials
DATABASE_PASSWORD=123456
ADMIN_PASSWORD=123456
SERVICE_PASSWORD=123456
SERVICE_TOKEN=pass
RABBIT_PASSWORD=123456
#FLAT_INTERFACE=eth0

HOST_IP=172.16.33.201
SERVICE_HOST=172.16.33.201
MYSQL_HOST=172.16.33.201
RABBIT_HOST=172.16.33.201
GLANCE_HOSTPORT=172.16.33.201:9292


## Neutron options
Q_USE_SECGROUP=True
FLOATING_RANGE=172.16.33.0/24
FIXED_RANGE=10.0.0.0/24
Q_FLOATING_ALLOCATION_POOL=start=172.16.33.202,end=172.16.33.210
PUBLIC_NETWORK_GATEWAY=172.16.33.254
Q_L3_ENABLED=True
PUBLIC_INTERFACE=eth0
Q_USE_PROVIDERNET_FOR_PUBLIC=True
OVS_PHYSICAL_BRIDGE=br-ex
PUBLIC_BRIDGE=br-ex
OVS_BRIDGE_MAPPINGS=public:br-ex


# Work offline
#OFFLINE=True
# Reclone each time
RECLONE=False


# Logging
# -------
# By default ``stack.sh`` output only goes to the terminal where it runs. It can
# be configured to additionally log to a file by setting ``LOGFILE`` to the full
# path of the destination log file. A timestamp will be appended to the given name.
LOGFILE=/opt/stack/logs/stack.sh.log
VERBOSE=True
LOG_COLOR=True
SCREEN_LOGDIR=/opt/stack/logs

# the number of days by setting ``LOGDAYS``.
LOGDAYS=1
# Database Backend MySQL
enable_service mysql
# RPC Backend RabbitMQ
enable_service rabbit


# Enable Keystone - OpenStack Identity Service
enable_service key
# Horizon - OpenStack Dashboard Service
enable_service horizon
# Enable Swift - Object Storage Service without replication.
enable_service s-proxy s-object s-container s-account
SWIFT_HASH=66a3d6b56c1f479c8b4e70ab5c2000f5
SWIFT_REPLICAS=1
# Enable Glance - OpenStack Image service
enable_service g-api g-reg

# Enable Cinder - Block Storage service for OpenStack
VOLUME_GROUP="cinder-volumes"
enable_service cinder c-api c-vol c-sch c-bak
# Enable Heat (orchestration) Service
enable_service heat h-api h-api-cfn h-api-cw h-eng
# Enable Trove (database) Service
enable_service trove tr-api tr-tmgr tr-cond
# Enable Sahara (data_processing) Service
enable_service sahara

# Enable Tempest - The OpenStack Integration Test Suite
enable_service tempest

# Enabling Neutron (network) Service
disable_service n-net
enable_service q-svc
enable_service q-agt
enable_service q-dhcp
enable_service q-l3
enable_service q-meta
enable_service q-metering
enable_service neutron


## Neutron - Load Balancing
enable_service q-lbaas
## Neutron - Firewall as a Service
enable_service q-fwaas
## Neutron - VPN as a Service
enable_service q-vpn
# VLAN configuration.
#Q_PLUGIN=ml2
#ENABLE_TENANT_VLANS=True


# GRE tunnel configuration
#Q_PLUGIN=ml2
#ENABLE_TENANT_TUNNELS=True
# VXLAN tunnel configuration
Q_PLUGIN=ml2
Q_ML2_TENANT_NETWORK_TYPE=vxlan

# Enable Ceilometer - Metering Service (metering + alarming)
enable_service ceilometer-acompute ceilometer-acentral ceilometer-collector ceilometer-api
enable_service ceilometer-alarm-notify ceilometer-alarm-eval
enable_service ceilometer-anotification
## Enable NoVNC
enable_service n-novnc n-cauth

# Enable the Ceilometer devstack plugin
enable_plugin ceilometer https://git.openstack.org/openstack/ceilometer.git

# Branches
KEYSTONE_BRANCH=stable/liberty
NOVA_BRANCH=stable/liberty
NEUTRON_BRANCH=stable/liberty
SWIFT_BRANCH=stable/liberty
GLANCE_BRANCH=stable/liberty
CINDER_BRANCH=stable/liberty
HEAT_BRANCH=stable/liberty
TROVE_BRANCH=stable/liberty
HORIZON_BRANCH=stable/liberty
SAHARA_BRANCH=stable/liberty
CEILOMETER_BRANCH=stable/liberty
TROVE_BRANCH=stable/liberty

# Select Keystone's token format
# Choose from 'UUID', 'PKI', or 'PKIZ'
# INSERT THIS LINE...
KEYSTONE_TOKEN_FORMAT=${KEYSTONE_TOKEN_FORMAT:-UUID}
KEYSTONE_TOKEN_FORMAT=$(echo ${KEYSTONE_TOKEN_FORMAT} | tr '[:upper:]' '[:lower:]')


[[post-config|$NOVA_CONF]]
[DEFAULT]
# Ceilometer notification driver
instance_usage_audit=True
instance_usage_audit_period=hour
notify_on_state_change=vm_and_task_state
notification_driver=nova.openstack.common.notifier.rpc_notifier
notification_driver=ceilometer.compute.nova_notifier

安装openstack

# cd /opt/devstack
# su stack
# ./stack.sh

安装完成,如下图所示:

image
image

访问dashboard:

image
image

命令行操作

admin用户
# source /opt/devstack/openrc admin admin # 加载环境变量进行操作
demo用户
# source /opt/devstack/openrc demo demo # 加载环境变量进行操作
一个默默无闻的工程师的日常
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